About Computer Science
Computer science or computing science (sometimes abbreviated CS) is the study of the theoretical foundations of information, and commutation, and of practical techniques for their implementation and application in computer systems. It is frequently described as the systematic study of algorithmic processes that create, describe and transform information.
The general public sometimes confuses computer science with vocational areas that deal with computers (such as information technology), or think that it relates to their own experience of computers, which typically involves activities such as gaming, web-browsing and word-processing. However, the focus of computer science is more on understanding the properties of the programs used to implement software such as games and web-browsers, and using that understanding to create new programs or improve existing ones.
As a discipline, computer science spans a range of topics from theoretical studies of algorithms and the limits of computation to the practical issues of implementing computing systems in hardware and software. The Computer Sciences Accreditation Board (CSAB) -- which is made up of representatives of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society, and the Association for Information Systems — identifies four areas that it considers crucial to the discipline of computer science: theory of computation, algorithms and data structures, programming methodology and languages, and computer elements and architecture. In addition to these four areas, CSAB also identifies fields such as software engineering, artificial intelligence, computer networking and communication, database systems, parallel computation, distributed computation, computer-human interaction, computer graphics, operating systems, and numerical and symbolic computation as being important areas of computer science.
Some universities teach computer science as a theoretical study of computation and algorithmic reasoning. These programs often feature the theory of computation, analysis of algorithms, formal methods, concurrency theory, databases, computer graphics and systems analysis, among others. They typically also teach computer programming, but treat it as a vessel for the support of other fields of computer science rather than a central focus of high-level study. Other colleges and universities, as well as secondary schools and vocational program that teach computer science, emphasize the practice of advanced programming rather than the theory of algorithms and computation in their computer science curricula. Such curricula tend to focus on those skills that are important to workers entering the software industry.
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· Computer science has made a number of fundamental contributions to science and society. These include:
· The start of the "digital revolution," which includes the current Information Age and the Internet.
· A formal definition of computation and computability, and proof that there are computationally unsolvable and intractable problems.
· The concept of a programming language, a tool for the precise expression of methodological information at various levels of abstraction.
· In cryptography, breaking the Enigma machine was an important factor contributing to the Allied victory in World War II.
· Scientific computing enabled advanced study of the mind, and mapping the human genome became possible with Human Genome Project. Distributed computing projects such as Folding@home explore protein folding.
· Algorithmic trading has increased the efficiency and liquidity of financial markets by using artificial intelligence, machine learning, and other statistical and numerical techniques on a large scale.
The department's vision for the foreseeable future is to follow the rapid developments in the field of computer science and its applications in the department's curriculum and qualified graduate students in the field of computer science.
1. To provide quality education to meet the need of profession and society.
2. Provide a learning ambience to enhance innovations, problem solving skills, leadership qualities, team-spirit and ethical responsibilities.
3. Provide latest tools and technologies in the area of technology.
4. Provide necessary core laboratory support to the scientific efforts at the college of science.
5. Partner with and support the knowledge university expansion regionally, nationally and internationally.